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Wood Carvings in Nepal

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JK Wood carving  ,Lalitpur tel:9842750785 Anjana Tamrakar is a mfr of quality wood carvings.

 

 

 

 

                                            

 

Woodcarving in Nepal has been most highly developed in the Kathmandu Valley, which comprises Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur districts. These three are home to the world’s rarest wooden art. Perhaps nowhere else in the world are the carvings as sophisticated, dramatic and extensively incorporated in construction. Even the name, “Kathmandu,” indicates the unique focus of this area. Derived from the Sanskrit word kastamandap, whichis the conjunction of kasta, meaning wood and mandapa, meaning temple or hall, Kathmandu means “temple made of wood.”

At the western edge of Kathmandu’s Durbar Square one finds the structure known as Kastamandap, the oldest surviving timber structure ion the valley, its three tiers of pagoda roof rising fifty feet above a long veranda. The structure dates back 800 years, and legend tells how it was constructed entirely from the trunk of a single sal tree(Shorea robusta). Yet with the extent of wooden temples and iconography throughout Kathmandu and vicinities, a more accurate definition of “Kathmandu” would be “city of temples made of wood.”

Temple pillars, Deity icons and palace portals display the epitome of local carving skill. Apart from these, the predominant use of elaborate woodwork is in doorways and windows of the wealthy, though even common households strive to embellish their structures. Usually, frames of doors and windows are made of hardwood–a painstaking job. Hardwoods are first seasoned for a number of years so that the doors and windows can last for centuries. Frames are primarily carved with floral designs. The doors themselves are usually made of softwood and carved with images of Gods and Goddesses. But wherever the doors are exposed to harsh conditions, they are made of hardwood as well. Some are decorated with the eyes of Buddha. Others have designs of the traditional religious water pot, kalash, fish and flowers, all symbols of good fortune.

Apart from many standard options, the preferred ornamental designs are the lotus window, mesh, chariot, peacock and oriel windows. Windows in Nepal serve a higher function than those of Western architecture. They are not mere inlets for air and light, but are portals of peace and beauty. Sculpted upon them are images of Gods and Goddesses who are expected to protect residents within from evil forces. Certain windows are not even meant for looking through. Their main function is artistic and symbolic. As such, many styles of window do not open. The option to peer out is found mostly in balcony windows, through which modest and reserved women can view the happenings in the city without becoming involved. Such windows are symbols of higher social and economic status of those people.

The Nepalese woodcarving tools are simple and traditional: chisel, adze, handsaw, wooden mallet and jack plane. Craftsmen embellish wood for interior decoration as well as for exterior use. For centuries, a particular caste among the Nepalese Newars, called “Silpakar,” has dutifully preserved the country’s woodcarving heritage. Lately, however, peoples of other castes have joined the occupation. Originally supported and encouraged by the Malla kings, the art is now supported primarily through purchases made by Western tourists.

Patan is known as city of FINE ARTS in the world.

Most Silpakars are still engaged themselves in various aspects of the woodcarving industry. Silpakars are prominent at Jombahal, in Lalitpur, and out of 700 Silpakar families in Bugmati, 300 operate their own woodcarving shops. Om Krishna Silpakar,  the owner of Om Wood Carving & Jk wood carving,run by Anjana Tamrakar  (9841750785 0),purna wood Carving  at Patan  are  such  a family.Wood carving Industries  estd in 1967,by Moti Lal silpakar  ,at Patan industrial Estate is  a pioneer wood carvings exporters in international market  who introduce a wood carvings business  in Nepal.

 

Most Silpakars, feels an abiding love of and responsibility to his tradition. “om krishna silpakar  proud that I have protected the wood carving industry started by my forefathers,” he said. “I have been able to introduce Nepal to some 40 to 50 countries through the exports of my woodwork. This gives me great satisfaction. During my childhood, I would be thrilled when tourists visited. I still remember fondly when King Tribhuvan and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visited our workshop.”

Of late, modern construction has threatened to usurp traditional architecture. Yet the old-style carvings still lure tourists. In an effort to preserve existing ancient works, the Bhaktapur municipality has strictly prohibited the demolition of traditional buildings for replacement with modern ones.

History relates how woodcarving in Nepal developed in Kathmandu Valley largely during the Malla dynasty, which was founded in 1350 by Jayasthiti Malla. The Malla period continued for almost 600 years and was a glorious era in the history of Nepal. Mallas developed trade and commerce, industry, religion and culture. They reached a high level of perfection in the fields of art and architecture. John Sanday in his book Monuments of the Kathmandu Valley writes, “The traditional buildings that are mostly in evidence throughout the valley today represent the craft and architecture of the Malla dynasty, which started in the fourteenth century, survived the early Shah period, but rapidly faded during the Rana era.” The Rana period started in Nepal with the rise of Jang Bahadur Rana in 1846 and the system crumbled down in 1951. One of the reasons why the artistic and architectural activity flourished during the Malla period was that the kings protected such activity. Whatever architecture Nepal has to be proud of today is not from modern construction but solely due to the beautiful art cultivated by the Malla regime.

Today, things are not all favorable for the Nepalese craftsmen. Woodcarvers have their own challenges to overcome. Ramlal Silpakar complains, “The depletion of forests has created a shortage of sal trees, which take at least a hundred years to mature in the forest. It is not within the means of many of the craftsmen to afford the skyrocketing prices of sal wood.” Sita Maiya adds, “Lack of incentive from the side of the state is also a serious problem. In the past, the carving industry prospered because of protection from the state. But now, who cares for the industry?” Ram Bahadur, who has been in carving for generations, states, “We have to stand and make a living on our own. Prospects for training are limited. Many craftsmen families who used to carve wonders have abandoned their craft.” And Shyam Sakya, a prominent woodcarvings businessman says that the domestic market has been whittled down to just the affluent.

A unique success in wood arts is the Hotel Dwarikas, which is the lifetime achievement of late Dwarika Das Shrestha. The hotel is the manifestation of his effort to restore and preserve a culture and a heritage. Shrestha rescued ancient carvings from demolition sites and commissioned new works from local craftsmen, all of which are maintained and displayed in the hotel, which he created to be a “living museum.” Dwarikas (www.dwarikas.com) is now dynamically managed by Shrestha’s wife, Ambica,

 

July 26, 2017 |

Prices increased in constructions materials

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Prices of major  construction materials:bricks, gravels,cement, sand and iron rods, have increased by  20 percent in the domestic market in the last three months, as post-earhquake reconstruction works have fuelled demand for these products.

Each tipper (265 cubic feet) of sand now costs Rs30,000. The product used to cost Rs25,000 around three months ago, according to Narayan Paudel, owner of Jayamata Pathivara Suppliers, a shop located at Kalanki that sells sand, gravels and bricks.

Prices of cement, which commands 28 percent of the construction budget on average, have also gone up by up to 10 percent in the domestic market in the last three months.

Nepal-made Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) now costs Rs900-Rs920 per 50-kg sack, according to Bhim KC of Ramjanaki Hardware Centre at Kalanki. The product was available for Rs850 per 50-kg sack three months ago.

Price of Nepal-made Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC), on the other hand, which hovered around Rs730-Rs750 per 50-kg sack three months ago, has now jumped to Rs800.

Prices of construction materials are going up lately as post-earthquake reconstruction and other construction works are moving ahead at a faster pace, according to the Federation of Contractors’ Associations of Nepal (FCAN).

“May, June and July are peak season for construction works in Nepal, as government-led construction works rise during this time of the year. Also, demand for construction materials has gone up lately due to post-quake reconstruction works. But supply of many of these materials has not been able to catch up with the demand. Hence, the price hike,” FCAN President Sharad Kumar Gauchan said.

Because of these reasons, price of iron rod has also gone up by around 3 percent to Rs77 per kg. Around two weeks ago, price of iron rod stood at Rs75 per kg, according to Rabi Maharjan, an accountant at New Siddhi Hardware Centre in Kalanki.

Despite this, prices of other construction materials like bricks and gravels have remained stable in the last three months.

Each tipper (265 cubic feet) of gravel used to cost Rs30,000 three months ago. This price has not changed over the period of last three months. This is the same for bricks.

Bricks of ‘Quality No. 1’ used to cost Rs16-Rs17 per unit three months ago, while bricks of ‘Quality No. 2’ used to cost Rs13-Rs14 per unit. Similarly, bricks of ‘Quality No. 3’ used to cost Rs9 per unit three months ago. Prices of different varieties of bricks have so far remained unchanged, according to traders of construction materials.

http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-07-11/

July 26, 2017 |

Cement Adhesives are Manufectured in Nepal

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Gorkha Eco Panel

काठमाडौं । स्थायी तथा अस्थायी संरचनाको निर्माण गर्दा इँटाको विकल्पमा प्रयोग गरिने इको प्यानलको जोडाइमा प्रयोग हुने एडिसिभ(adhesive) सिमेन्टको नेपालमै उत्पादन सुरु भएको छ । हालसम्म विदेशबाट आयात गरी प्रयोग भइरहेकोमा नेपालमै पहिलो पटक गोर्खा इको प्यानलले यो सिमेन्टको उत्पादन थालेको हो ।

यो सिमेन्ट इको प्यानलको जोडाइका साथै बाथरुम र किचेनका टायलहरु टाँंस्न प्रयोग गरिन्छ । इको प्यानलको जोडाइमा प्रयोग हुने यो सिमेन्ट अन्य सिमेन्ट भन्दा फरक हुन्छ । सामान्य सिमेन्ट भन्दा यसको कम्प्रेसिभ स्ट्रेन्थ(जोडाई क्षमता) मजबुत हुने भएकाले इको प्यानलको जोडाईमा यही सिमेन्ट आवश्यक पर्छ ।

उत्पादित सिमेन्ट प्रति बोरा ५० केजीको छ । यसअघि चीनबाट आयातित गरिआएकोमा अहिले बहराइनस्थित साझेदार कम्पनी अल खाजाको प्रविधि नेपालमा भित्राई यसको उत्पादन नेपालमै सुरु गरेको गोर्खा इको प्यानलका प्रमुख कार्यकारी अधिकृत(सीइओ) इञ्जिनियर कृष्णभक्त दुवालले बताए ।

भारतबाट आयातित प्रिफ्याब प्यानलहरुले ज्वाइन्टमा सिमेन्टको प्रयोग नगरे पनि गोर्खा इको प्यानलले यो सिमेन्ट प्रयोग गर्दै आएको सिईओ दुवालले बताए । ल्याबमा पूर्ण परीक्षण पश्चात मात्रै यो सिमेन्ट बजारमा पठाउने उनले बताए । सकेसम्म अत्यधिक स्वदेशी कच्चा पदार्थको प्रयोगबाट यो सिमेन्टको उत्पादन थालेको उनले जनाए । एडिसिभ सिमेन्टको प्रयोगले इको प्यानलमा भएका टंङ्ग एण्ड ग्रुभको जोडाई मजबुत हुने उनले बताए ।

ल्यावमा परीक्षण गर्दा यसको  कम्प्रेशिभ स्ट्रेन्थ ४० एमपीए रहेको जनाइएको छ जुन अन्य सिमेन्टमा भन्दा धेरै हो । यो एडिसिभ सिमेन्ट चाँंडो सुक्ने भएकोले काम गर्न सहज हुने बताइएको छ ।

एडिसिभ सिमेन्टको उत्पादन थालेको गोर्खा इको प्यानल स्वदेशमै इको प्यानल उत्पादन गर्ने नेपालकै पहिलो कम्पनी हो । यो आईएसओ ९००१:२०१५ चिन्ह प्राप्त कम्पनी हो । ‘निर्माण सामाग्रीमा हरित क्रान्ति’ भन्ने नाराका साथ कम मात्रै प्राकृतिक श्रोतसाधनको प्रयोग गरी यो कम्पनीले स्वदेशमै निर्माण सामाग्री उत्पादन गर्दै आइरहेको छ । कम्पनीले काठको विकल्पको रुपमा पूर्ण वातावरणमैत्री यूपीभीसीको झ्याल ढोकाहरु पनि उत्पादन गर्दै आएको छ ।

ल्यावमा परीक्षण गर्दा यसको  कम्प्रेशिभ स्ट्रेन्थ ४० एमपीए रहेको जनाइएको छ जुन अन्य सिमेन्टमा भन्दा धेरै हो । यो एडिसिभ सिमेन्ट चाँंडो सुक्ने भएकोले काम गर्न सहज हुने बताइएको छ ।

एडिसिभ सिमेन्टको उत्पादन थालेको गोर्खा इको प्यानल स्वदेशमै इको प्यानल उत्पादन गर्ने नेपालकै पहिलो कम्पनी हो । यो आईएसओ ९००१:२०१५ चिन्ह प्राप्त कम्पनी हो । ‘निर्माण सामाग्रीमा हरित क्रान्ति’ भन्ने नाराका साथ कम मात्रै प्राकृतिक श्रोतसाधनको प्रयोग गरी यो कम्पनीले स्वदेशमै निर्माण सामाग्री उत्पादन गर्दै आइरहेको छ । कम्पनीले काठको विकल्पको रुपमा पूर्ण वातावरणमैत्री यूपीभीसीको झ्याल ढोकाहरु पनि उत्पादन गर्दै आएको छ ।

Source:bizshala

July 25, 2017 |

Why water proofing Treatment is neccessery ?

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Water Proofing Treatment

 

Dr FIXIT Water proofing chemicals :

Suppliers : Delight paints store ,Nakhu dobato Tel:5541614,9803821546

The leakage of water rising dampness are the usual problems faced by the construction professional. Under these circumstances, water proofing, i.e. make the structure free from unwanted moisture attack becomes a necessity. Depending upon the nature, location, type and shape, and importance of the structure the procedure and the type of water proofing system should be chosen. The choice of correct and appropriate type of water proofing system is an important and critical situation of the waterproofing job. Failure in choosing the correct and appropriate type of water proofing system will result in an unsound, not durable water proofing treatment.Chose who provide free technical full support.

 

Now-a-days a variety of cold applied waterproofing chemicals are available in the market. Due to its ease and faster application, monolithic coating without any joints, long service life, and elastic in nature, these types of water proofing system are getting popular all over the world. Usually, these chemicals are made from single or two components are based on variety of chemicals such as polymers, acrylic emulsions in water and others.
These are elastomeric materials and can be applied by trowel, brush or sprayed by the machines. The applied chemical will form a film that acts as a waterproofing barrier to the structure. Due to its chemical composition, this film will develop very strong bond with the applied surface. Water proofing by crystallization system is also developed in this context to fill the micro-pores in concrete structure.

Usually, these types of water proofing material are based on silicon resin and long chain fatty acid. Due to its transparent nature, it has little or no effect on the appearance of the structure and because of its good penetration ability; the pores in the structure are lined with strongly water repellant resin. Since there is a high interfacial tension between water and silicon resin, water will not easily enter into them. Such types of treatment are done on exposed brick surface of the building, façade stones, plasters, gypsum boards etc which keeps building always fresh looking.

July 21, 2017 |

Guide to best Floorings

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Find best suppliers:

 

                             

 First you should decide the location of your flooring location.Exterior or interior,corridoror living room.or kitchen,or garden,or car parking area.

Different location needs diffirent types floorings,then fix your budget,

Main options are:Marbles,tiles,laminated floorings,PVC floorings,non woven carpets,bamboo parquet,wooden parquet.mosaic tiles,kota stones or bricks,

All types floorings are easily avaible in Nepal market ,high pricing to low pricings.

Owing to aesthetic looks and easy maintenance, parqueting is growing most popular for flooring options. “Laminate parquets are easy to assemble ans clean. This is the reason why people opt for laminate parqueting,” said Bimal Agrawal, Director at Ebony Furnishing. Appropriate for living rooms, dining rooms, bedrooms, corridors and staircases, parqueting has become a popular option for city dwellers to beautify their living space.

Made up of compressed wood dust, laminate parquets are suitable for all rooms except the kitchen and bathroom areas. Prices start from Rs 150 to Rs 450 per sq ft and come with three to 20 year warranty periods. They come in 8 mm to 12 mm thickness and can be easily transferred. Reportedly, 8 mm parquet slabs are more popular than 12 mm. These products are imported from India, China, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium and Malaysia.

Ebony Furnishing also offers wooden parqueting from the Nepali brand Nemo Parquet. “Wooden parqueting is double the price of laminate parqueting. This is the main reason why the demand for wooden parquets is low,” said Agrawal. Made up of sisau wood, these wooden parquets come with a 50 year warranty, however, they need to be polished every year for a fresh look. “For customers who want inexpensive products at affordable prices, we have PVC parqueting that looks like laminate flooring,” he added. Being water resistant, PVC parqueting is perfect for living and dining areas.  These PVC parquets come in 7 inch width and 39 inch length with 2 mm and 3 mm thickness. They cost Rs 160 to Rs 175 per sq ft.

PVC tiles are substitutes to tiles that come in 8X8 inch and 12X12 inch sizes. He said that being water and sound proof these flooring options are appropriate for dining rooms, kitchens and corridors. PVC tiles are pasted on the smooth surface of floors with glue.

Ebony imports tile carpets from France that come in 20X20 inch. Available in six designs, these tile carpets costs Rs 175 per sq ft. “Unique design, transferable and durable, these tile carpets are suitable for living rooms and bedrooms,” he said, adding that unlike other whole carpets one can replace certain portions of the carpet easily if damaged.

“The demand for laminate flooring is ever growing,” said Gaurav Panday, Chief of Balterio at Navin Distributors, adding, “Being scratch proof, they imitate real wood or tiles and are easy to maintain. That is the reason why most customers opt for laminate flooring.” He said that the company offers more than 50 colour options on Balterio laminate flooring from Belgium.

Citing that Balterio is more expensive than other brands, Panday said, “It is worth the investment in a branded product for its quality and durability.” According to him, they provide 20 to 25 years of warranty on their products with prompt customer care service. The price of their product starts at Rs 160 to Rs 430 per sq ft depending upon quality, texture and grooving system. He said that laminate flooring is used for all rooms except the kitchen where there could be water movement.

July 19, 2017 |

Modular Kitchen:A stylish & Design

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HILIGHTS:

Cost & Space Effetive

-Easy to install

-Elegant in  Look & design

Easy to assemble & transfer & flexible

-Avaible in many quality,Design,& colour & look

Difficult  to find best quality suppliers .Find best suppliers in nepalconstructions.com

 

Modular kitchen design

you can have stylish modular kitchen design in Nepal.
The most organized space and storage consumption, functionality, durability and stylish layout is here for you
Not all modern kitchen design in Nepal is expensive, ask for economical modular kitchen supplies and models; you shall be able to enjoy the modern way of cooking in the perfect layout and vibrancy in Nepal. These kitchen designs are getting popular among Nepalese people, for it has no more remained a symbol of luxury, as lots of economical modern kitchen models are available in the country. Gone are the days of noisy kitchen, with monotonous color and layout; bring your inspiration into this perfect creativity to cherish the boon of technology, architecture, and home décor experts. 
With its optimum utilization of the available space and aesthetic looks, lots of people are found to be shifting towards latest modular kitchen design in Nepal. The lifestyle of people is changing, and they are preferring the customized designs, and the most exquisite layouts for their kitchens. Though the design differs as per the cooking habits, number of family members in the family, available kitchen space, lifestyle, and personal preferences of the customers, you shall get the best modular kitchen design in Nepal to perfectly suit with your expectations and requirements. The cost of modular kitchen design depends upon the material you choose. You shall get to choose from wide range of different materials.
PU lacquered, acrylic, lacquered glass, European laminate, veneer, marble and plywood are some of the materials used for design which influences the modular kitchen design cost. Want to know the gross figure of the cost such design might be of? Well, as said before, since the cost of the designs differs as per your choice and preferences, the cheap modular kitchen design might be somewhere around Rs.1,50,000. Such model includes granite counter tops, working space, stove, chimney, sink, and cabinets. Most of the suppliers of the modular designers offer after sales warranty, you might not have to worry a lot about repair and maintenance.
PU lacquered and glorious glass modular kitchen uses hydraulic system for drawers, built in dishwasher, and is in purple and white PU lacquered. It is focused on maximum utilization of corners and areas under sink. If you want to know about the rate of modular kitchen in such model, then let us inform you that it is somewhere around Rs.1.4 million. Laminate modular kitchen uses waterproof plywood, matte and high gloss laminate, numerous drawers, cabinet at the corner, and uses maximum space for kitchen utensils and storages. It is one of the low cost modular kitchen designs whose price ranges somewhere around Rs.5,00,000. 
Now, the dream of perfectly modern, functional, and colorful modular kitchen design in Nepal is really possible in the best rate of modular kitchen. You shall find lots of modular kitchen supplies in Nepal distributed by several suppliers, even offering after-sale services, fulfilling your kitchen layout preference and requirement.

 

 

lifestyle of Todays people are gradually shifting to modular kitchens for their elegant looks, maximum utilisation of available space, customised design and overall utility. Available in various material and design choices modular kitchens are stealing the hearts of many and growing very popular. However, traders stated that the demand for the such products have slowed down after the earthquake owing to halt in the real estate sector.

 

The price of modular kitchens depends upon chosen material. Modular kitchens are available in various material such as PU lacquered, lacquered glass, acrylic, veneer, European laminate, plywood and marble.

TYPES:

This modular island kitchen is trending these days. Designed in purple and white PU lacquered and glorious glass, the cabinet allures every one. Use of hydraulic system in drawers makes it easy to open and close to take out things. This kitchen is designed for maximum use of corners and below sink area. It has a built in dishwasher and accesorised by SS304 grade products that will not get rusted. It costs around Rs 1.4 million.PU lacquered and glorious glass modular kitchen

 

PU lacquered and veneer modular kitchen

This kitchen combines PU lacquered and veneer for a different look. Veneer top cabinet and breakfast counter just complements the off white lacquered kitchen area with tall cabinet. It has in built microwave and oven space. This kitchen has an island cooking area with soft close drawers. It costs around Rs 1.5 million.

 

Laminate modular kitchen Made up of Nepali laminate using waterproof plywood, this kitchen is affordable. Matte and high gloss laminate combines well in this kitchen. Use of maximum drawers along with side corners of the cabinet utilises space to the maximum for storing and keeping kitchen utensil

July 19, 2017 |

Tops Tips For: Room Interior

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     फर्निचर-Furnitures
सामान्यतया कोठामा प्रयोग गरिएको रङसँग मिल्ने किसिमको फर्निचरले सजावट आकर्षक देखाउन मद्दत गर्छ । क्रिम, हलुका खैरो, सेतो आदि रङ लगाइएको कोठामा सेतो अथवा कोठाकै रङजस्तो फर्निचर राख्दा आकर्षक देखिन्छ । सेतो रङ प्रयोग गरिएको कोठामा शुद्ध रातो वा रातो र सेतो रङको स्ट्रिप तथा अन्य हलुका बुट्टायुक्त सोफा राख्दा पनि कोठाको रौनक रोमाञ्चक बन्छ । यस्तो कोठामा कालो वा खैरो रङका फर्निचर पनि आकर्षक देखिन्छ । काढा रङ लगाइएको कोठा वा घरको अन्य भागमा सेतो वा अन्य हलुका रङका फर्निचर राम्रो खुल्छ । केही भागमा फूलको बुट्टा भएको सोफा पनि राम्रो देखिन्छ ।
कोठाको सुन्दर सजावट भनेको केबल शयनकक्ष (बेडरुम) मात्र होइन । घरका सबै स्थान तथा कोठाको सहज र सरल तरिकाले आकर्षक सजावट गर्न सकिन्छ । सजावटलाई रोमाञ्चक अथवा ‘रोमान्टिक’ बनाउन पनि सकिन्छ । रोमान्टिक सजावटको धारणा व्यक्तिपिच्छे फरक हुन सक्ला । तथापि आफ्नो कोठा सुन्दर र आकर्षक देखियोस् भन्ने इच्छा सबैलाई हुन्छ । यसैले सजावटलाई रोमाञ्चक बनाउन आफ्नो रुचिअनुसार अलगअलग तरिकाले गर्न सकिन्छ । कोठालाई सुन्दर र रोमान्टिक देखाउन यी चिजमा ध्यान दिन जरुरी छ ।

रङ (कलर)Paints

तरिका मिलाएर प्रयोग गर्ने हो भने कुनै पनि रङ (कलर)को प्रस्तुति रोमान्टिक बनाउन सकिन्छ । रङ लगाउँदा कोठा (वा अन्य स्थान) को बनोट, आकार, प्राकृतिक प्रकाश आदिको अवस्थामा भने विचार पु¥याउनुपर्छ । प्रायः मानिसको रुचि आफ्नो कोठामा हलुका र उज्यालो रङ लगाउन हुन्छ । जस्तै – सेतो र क्रिम कलर । हलुका रङले कोठालाई फराकिलो र उज्यालो पनि देखाउँछ । यसकारण इन्टेरियर डिजाइनर वा रङ प्रयोगका जानकारहरुको परामर्श लिन नसकिने अवस्थामा हलुका रङ प्रयोग गर्नु नै उचित हुन्छ

फेब्रिक्स -Fabrics
1सजावट आँखाले अनुभव गर्ने कुरा भएकाले हेर्दा सुन्दर बनाउनुपर्छ भन्ने मान्यता हामीमा रहेको छ, जुन धेरै हदसम्म सही पनि हो । तर, राम्रो सजावटका लागि यो मात्र पर्याप्त हुँदैन । सजावट सुन्दर देखिनुका साथै स्पर्श गर्दा छुट्टै आनन्द पाउने किसिमको पनि हुन जरुरी छ । यसको अर्थ सजावटमा फ्रेबिक्सको प्रयोग पनि महत्वपूर्ण हुन आउँछ । फेब्रिकको रेशमी (सिल्की) र नरम (सफ्ट) पनाले छुट्टै आराम प्रदान गर्छ । हामीले कोठाका विभिन्न ठाउँमा राख्न प्रयोग गरिने चकटी धेरै मोटो र कडा हुनुहुँदैन । यसको साटो नरम कटन, सेनिल, सिल्क, भेल्भेट तथा कस्मिरी आदि कपडाको प्रयोगले सजावटमा आकर्षणको स्तर बेग्लै बनाउँछ । झ्यालको पर्दाका लागि पनि समानान्तर र सरल किसिमको फेब्रिकको प्रयोग गरे कोठाको सुन्दरता थप बढाउन सकिन्छ ।

बत्ती/ प्रकाश-Light & Lamps Shades

-4कोठामा रोमान्टिक वातावरण सृजना गर्न बत्तीले महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निर्वाह गर्छ । हलुका र मधुरो लाइटको प्रयोग कोठामा न्यानोपन र आरामदायीपन ल्याउने मुख्य तरिका हो । यसका लागि कोठामा मधुरो बल्ने बत्तीको स्वीच अरु स्वीचहरु सँगै राख्नु बेश हुन्छ । कुनै पनि कोठाको वातावरण तुरुन्तै परिवर्तन गरेर रोमान्टिक बनाउन मधुरो प्रकाशजत्तिको उपयुक्त अरु केही हुँदैन । यसकारण कोठामा सुहाउँदो प्रकारको हलुका र मधुरो लाइटको उचित संयोजन प्रशंसायोग्य इन्टेरियरमा एउटा ‘स्मार्ट’ छनोट पनि हो ।

प्याट्रन Pattren
जब हामी कोठाको सजावटको बारेमा सोच्छौं, तब यसमा केही प्याट्रन पनि समावेश गर्नु उचित हुन्छ । परम्परागत शैलीमै पनि हामी कोठाको प्याट्रन छनोट गर्न सक्छौं । स्वच्छ फूल, इनडोर प्लान्ट, दमास्क आदिलाई प्याट्रनका रूपमा प्रयोग गर्न सकिन्छ

Meet best consultancy interior

source:property today

July 19, 2017 |

Vastu for All

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All elements of Nature  (earth, water, fire, air and space) are in balanced. Your home can also be balanced there is a need to know the importance of structure that can benefit you. Balance the five elements in your home because each of the five elements is associated with each direction.

Northeast of your house is associated with water element. Open space in northeast of house is good for relationship and finances. Having water element in this direction without touching the diagonal axis is good for finances. If your financial condition is good, it has a positive effect on your relationship. An under ground water tank is good in this direction even though over head water tank is also water element, but if it is in northeast direction that can be stressful for you. Pooja room in northeast quadrant is also good. Bedroom in northeast may be the reason of lot of tension. Toilet, kitchen, store room and a missing northeast corner can cause stagnation in relationship.

The southeast of your house is associated with fire element. Kitchen, electrical equipments are placed in southeast of house are good for lively relationship. Avoid water elements in southeast as fire and water cannot live with each other. If there is cut southeast corner, your relationship can also be suffered. Master bedroom in southeast can cause quarrel in family.

The northwest of your house is associated with air element. If there is a cut corner in northwest or less open space in northwest, it may cause lack of communication between family members. Communication is the base of any relationship so it can affect your relationship with spouse. There can be mental instability due to blocked northwest. Toilet and guest room are recommended in this direction this may lead to proper communication which helps in stability of relationship.

The southwest area of your house is associated with earth element. Southwest master bedroom is helpful in stability of relationship. An extended southwest or cut corner in southwest can cause conflicts in relationship. A store room in southwest is a good option. Toilet, kitchen and under ground water tank are not recommended in southwest, it may affect a relationship.

Center of House (Brahmasthan) is associated with space element. A cluttered center of house or no open space in that part of house can cause poor communication in relationship. Toilet, kitchen and under ground water tank in the center of house may cause disagreement.

July 16, 2017 |

Iron & Steel News

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Iron & steel industry is a largtest construction material manufecturing industry,provides large numbers of eploymoyment oppertunities  in Nepal.This industry produce mainly

iron rods,TMT bar ,wire rods,galvanised sheets,roofings sheets,GI wires,nails,nutbolts,steel pipes,GI pipes,gavion wires,wire mesh, & metal products.

Raw materials :  ,like billet,wire rods,HR sheets ,CR sheets are mainly imported  from India.

 

According to prducers demand is 200000 MT permonth,domestic industr  can meet by 70%

 

“Construction works — from houses to big projects — have picked up significantly across the country at present which has swelled the demand for construction materials, including that of iron and steel,” said Dhurba Kumar Shrestha, former president of Nepal Steel Rolling Mills Association (NSRMA), adding that a large number of steel and rods was imported in the market from India following production constraint from domestic manufacturers due to rise in load-shedding.

Four months’ data
Year Import Export
2015-2016 Rs 13.03 billion Rs 1.1 billion
2016-2017 Rs 29.63 billion Rs 1.2 billion

Domestic manufacturers have also said that the current surge in import is of temporary nature and would come down once reconstruction works of houses, heritages and projects affected by the earthquake last year draws to an end.

“The demand for construction materials suddenly skyrocketed after the government lifted ban on construction of new buildings and houses that was imposed after the earthquake,” said Kiran Sakhwa, vice president of NSRMA, adding that the market share of Indian iron and steel has gone up following excessive demand. Otherwise, Sakha said that domestic production is sufficient to meet the normal demand of the commodities.

There are 16 iron and steel mills operating in the country. According to Sakha, the annual domestic demand of iron and steels is around 700,000 metric tonnes and domestic manufacturers are able to meet this demand.

“Manufacturers can now run their factories in full-fledged manner as the government has reduced the power cut drastically. This will directly increase our production and contribute towards substituting imports from India,” Sakha said.

According to entrepreneurs, the demand for iron and steel is increasing by 20 per cent annually.

 PROBLEMS & CHALLENGES :There are many problems in this industry .politicals inestability & intereferences ,iregular &  low quality Power supply ,lack of skilled manpowers,strikes,old technology,transportation problems .our industry couldnot comepete in pricing with Indian industry,due to tax subisdy on imports on raw materials & export of finished materials like in India.The cost of productions is less in India due to tax subsidy & large scale productions.Industry should have productions friendly labour act & propers supply of raw materials.

Quality & developments:Nepali producers are accepting advance technology .only plains bar was produced before,Now TMT bar being produced in 500 grade through water pressure & thermomechanically treated.TOR steel of 415 grade   was  widely used in Nepal ,some years ago.now it is widely used 500 grade.Big consstruction projects & hydro power projects need 32 mm iron rod,These rods are imported from India by big constructions company.

Nepal can make 30-40 mm iron rods ,if the actual demands & time is fixed.

 

 

July 14, 2017 |
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